Kratom | Slovakia
Kratom is legal in Slovakia and widely sold on the internet. It’s not listed or mentioned in the Law 139/1998 (Narcotic Substances, Psychotropic Substances and Preparations Act) and its later updates and additions.
National drug strategy and laws
The National Anti-Drug Strategy 2013-20 addresses illicit drug problems. It is built around two pillars: demand reduction and supply reduction. Illegal drug policy documents have no associated budgets and there is no review of executed expenditures.
Slovakia’s harsh drug laws, under which possession of even small amounts of cannabis can result in up to three years’ imprisonment, look set to stay. As an example of that situation, 27 of the 28 countries in the European Union do not consider cannabidiol (CBD) cannabis extract as a dangerous substance and have no need to control it in any way. Slovakia is the only exception that continues.
Currently there is no political will in the governing coalition for any kind of decriminalization of soft drugs.
Slovak illegal drug policy is repressive and often described as “harsh”; the law does not differentiate between hard and soft drugs and sentences can, in theory, be as severe as life imprisonment. Section 171 of the Penal Code establishes the punishment for unauthorised possession for personal use: up to 3 years’ imprisonment for personal possession of an amount corresponding to three times the usual single dose for personal use, and up to 5 years’ imprisonment for personal possession of an amount corresponding to up to 10 times the usual single dose for personal use.
NATIONAL TREATMENT POLICY
The current national drug strategy puts an emphasis on the expansion and affordability of drug treatment; and the provision of effective and diversified nationwide treatment, with a special focus on polydrug users and those suffering from mental and/or physical comorbidity.
Inpatient and outpatient drug treatment is funded by public health insurance, while residential care outside the healthcare sector is funded through local or regional budgets, co-financed to varying degrees by clients. The Centres for the Treatment of Drug Dependencies are the main providers of all types of specialised drug treatment, while the mental health outpatient clinics — available nationwide — offer outpatient diagnostic services, detoxification and long-term opioid substitution treatment (OST).
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