Kratom | Romania
Romania banned kratom with the Emergency Order nº 6 of February 2010, amending the Law 143/2000 regarding the prevention and combating of illicit drug trafficking and consumption, also complementing the Law 339/2005 about the legal regime of narcotic and psychotropic plants, substances and preparations. Previously, kratom was legal to sell, buy and possess, and was available in smartshops.
National drug strategy and laws
In Romania, the National Anti-Drug Strategy 2013-20 addresses illicit drugs. Reflecting a balanced approach, the National Anti-Drug Strategy is structured around the two pillars of drug demand reduction and drug supply reduction.
Since 2014, penalties for drug law offences in Romania have been linked to the type of drug, with higher penalties being imposed for offences related to drugs considered ‘high risk’. The legislation also distinguishes being users and addicts, according to diagnosis. Drug consumption is not allowed, but no punishment is specified.
Following the emergence of new psychoactive substances in Romania in 2009-10, two initiatives were adopted in 2011. A Joint Ministerial Order strengthened the enforcement of various existing laws, such as consumer safety laws and tax laws; the second was a new law penalising the unauthorised supply of any products with potential psychoactive effects, regardless of their intended use.
The new law defines the characteristics of such products as well as the procedure for authorising the supply of such products. Violations of the law are crimes punishable by prison sentences of up to 5 years (the sentence is reduced if the psychoactive effects were not known to the seller).
NATIONAL TREATMENT POLICY
Treatment-related objectives in the National Drugs Strategy 2013-20 and the related action plans place emphasis on the diversification of treatment access points and treatment programmes in Romania. In general, drug treatment is funded from the public budget and is therefore free of charge for clients.
The outpatient system provides integrated care services, psychosocial treatment and case management, while specialised medical, psychological and social services for the psychosocial reintegration of people who use drugs are available through an inpatient network. Aftercare services are not as readily available.
Opioid substitution treatment (OST) is provided in nine MoH hospitals and three drug prevention, evaluation and counselling centres in Bucharest (NAA), as well as in prisons. In addition, three private providers and one NGO provide OST.