Kratom | Italy
Kratom is illegal in Italy since August 2016, when it was added to the table of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, due to an alleged acute intoxication which there is no public medical reports, toxicological tests or further information about. There are discussions in Italian online forums proposing to demand this information from the government to become public as real evidence.
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National Drug Strategy and Laws
In Italy, the Consolidated Law, adopted by Presidential Decree 309/1990 and subsequently amended, provides the legal framework for the trade, treatment and prevention, and prohibition and punishment of illegal activities in the field of drugs and psychoactive substances. Drug use itself is not mentioned as an offence, but possession for personal use is punishable by administrative sanctions (such as the suspension of a driving licence or other privileges).
The Italian National Action Plan on Drugs originally covered the period 2010-13, but it remains in force pending the development of a new strategy. Eighty-nine objectives are set out in two pillars: demand and supply reduction.
Demand reduction activities include prevention, treatment, rehabilitation and reintegration, while supply reduction covers evaluation and monitoring, legislation, supply reduction and juvenile justice. Primarily focused on illicit drug use, the Action Plan also covers licit substance use and addictive behaviours as elements that are addressed predominantly in the context of prevention.
NATIONAL TREATMENT POLICY
In Italy, the coordination of drug-related treatment is carried out at regional level by the heads of the local drug departments or drug services. Both the public and private sectors provide treatment, and both are funded through the Regional Health Fund. Funds are allocated to the regions by the government on a yearly basis.
The majority of social-rehabilitative facilities are provided by private organisations. They provide inpatient treatment, but also semi-residential and outpatient treatment.
Most services are located in the northern regions of Italy, which also have large numbers of drug users and the greatest urban densities. Interventions carried out by both public and private services include psychosocial support; psychotherapy and social service interventions; detoxification in residential settings; and vocational training in semi-residential settings. Detoxification is also carried out in general hospitals.